The Mzamba Community Schools in Eastern Cape of South Africa are a community approach to sustainable and 'renewable architecture' by the Technical Department of Munich University towards creating spaces of learning for students in the Mzamba area of Eastern Cape.
From the Architects:
Mzamba Phase 01: The grasslands around the mouth of Mzamba Rivers is located in the former Transkei homeland, which was incorporated with the democratization of South Africa, but has since experienced only minor structural improvements. Thus today's Eastern Cape remains one of the poorest regions of the country.
In cooperation with the Austrian carrier association "Ithuba" there an independent school was founded, which will make for the children of the surrounding villages sufficient classroom and better schooling.
The building of the first class was done by students of the Technical University of Munich in three phases and handed over in early 2012 for teaching. The building concept was achieved through differentiated measures on the climatic conditions of subtropical coastal whilst meeting the educational requirements for advanced, holistic teaching methods. In addition to the classrooms, covered porches and a central garden courtyard were built to create utility communal spaces for the students and teachers.
The Ithuba School Mzamba will enable the children to continually grow academically in the coming years as they are gradually build classes for all grades. Based on the long-term development plan Building is build continuously more building for the village school for Orange Farm.
Mzamba PreSchool Section 02: With a further construction in the Mzamba village, the next section for long-term development of Ithuba School was built: A Preschool now accommodating the smaller children and creating a framework for exceptional pre-school care.
The preschool complex building includes a private toilet building, covered and open outdoor areas, with equally functional separate gardens and playgrounds. By grouping the buildings, sheltered teaching areas occur outdoors and additions, which are directly connected to the entrance of the school grounds.
With a wall construction of prefabricated concrete columns and infill 'geschüttetem' Clay, the climatic and environmental conditions of the site near the main building are mitigated within the complex. The outer layer of plaster protects the structures against moisture penetration from the intense subtropical rainfall and produces a closed surface.
Mzamba Phase 03: The building for the Grade 3 Ithuba School Mzamba was constructed in two phases with architecture students from the University of Munich and a team of local workers and inaugurated in September, 2014.
In conjunction with the adjacent construction of CUAS so was the first section of the primary school, arranged around a central square to be completed. According to the master plan, an expanded space of a garden courtyard and covered access and free areas created for the children of the 3rd grade next to the actual classroom.
In addition, the school library has now got its own space here, which will be available to the children of the other vintages.
With the orientation of the building, facade pillars and roofs was responsive to the climatic conditions of subtropical coast, with the aim to avoid excessive heating of the classroom and to ensure sufficient shading of the occupied zone.
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